Idylle" means love, or the dream of love. The word refers to a poetic genre which in Greek antiquity sang of the amours and erotic encounters of a shepherd boy and girl in a bucolic setting. An idyll is also a song of innocence lost, expressing feelings such as the fear of seeing beauty vanish and youth fly by all too quickly.
As the poet Theocrites penned in one of his idylls, "Soon your youth will fade away like a dream," thereby inviting the young shepherd girl to experience love before it is too late.
Perfumer Thierry Wasser, who created Idylle, explained that in keeping with the Guerlain family tradition of seeking inspiration in love to compose their fragrances, he had wanted to pay homage to this long line of spiritual forefathers. The word "youthful" also appears as a key term in his presentation published on the dedicated Guerlain website. The notion of youth befits the idyll genre and the stylistic choice made here: a crisp, young yet antique rose tinged with green, which offers a millefleurs aspect like a floral tapestry (in the sense of a composition incorporating several distilled flowers.) But the approach is also more externally motivated by the house's desire to create an affective link with the younger generations of women, the customers who will ensure Guerlain's prosperity into the 21st century....
Since the soft ambery magnolia of L'Instant de Guerlain (2003), the brand has been developing a more modern signature based on white musks -- a strategic choice that became explicit later on with Insolence (2006), which was said to be a perfume made to attract a new clientele to the house's perfume counters. The rose-violet composition is a modern adaptation of Après l'Ondée (1906) and L'Heure Bleue (1912), by Maurice Roucel. By the time of the launch of La Petite Robe Noire (2009) the policy was solidly established. The perfume seemed to have been devised by the mind of a brilliant engineer, Delphine Jelk, who saw clearly what needed to be done to build bridges across the different generations of Guerlain customers. Its packaging was also Guerlain's first foray into the fashion world and into a universe resembling that of the Vuitton bags, whimsically redesigned by Marc Jacobs with cartoonish motifs (Guerlain is owned by the Louis-Vuitton-Moet-Hennessy luxury group or LVMH).
With Idylle we continue to see an evolution of the Guerlain signature, now under the main responsibility Thiery Wasser, their in-house perfumer freshly adopted in May 2008. This is not to say that Jean-Paul Guerlain is absent from the scene. Sylvaine Delacourte, who used to be a super artistic director and now sees part of her responsibilities taken over by Thierry Wasser, has let out some insider's remarks on the blog she currently writes, Esprit de Parfum. One thing you learn is that Jean-Paul Guerlain remains at the helm of the house, if only to give the nod of approval to the creations put out by his "ateliers." (Former resident nose Mathilde Laurent, now at Cartier, has likened these "workshops" to those of a master painter, where creation is supervised and then signed by the master.) Delacourte says that each and every perfume is smelled by Jean-Paul Guerlain. Having said that, he may not always be in a position to cast a final veto as the forces of the market have to be taken into account. As a result of this tension, he has not hesitated in the past to express his barely disguised contempt for overzealous marketers.
Creation in perfumery is a complex matter as there exists a whole chain of participants. As Jean-Paul Guerlain himself once hinted, you can cook from scratch or order from the traiteur, meaning in this case the fragrance companies that provide the raw materials and bases (complex blends used as building blocks in a perfume) that perfumers then utilize to realize their artistic or commercial visions.
Guerlain in this case prefers to cook from scratch: Theirry Wasser has explained that although his taste dominates in Idylle, he has also incorporated into the composition an ancient varietal of rose in the form of a Plessis Robinson Rose base created by Jean-Paul Guerlain. As perfumery is also an art dependent on harvests, another significant building block of this fragrance is a "communelle" of Bulgarian roses from 2008, a careful mix done by the new house nose Wasser and Jean-Paul Guerlain. This mix blends different streaks of rose essences in order to ensure that it will still be available when the next batch of perfume needs to be made and the characteristic identity of the perfume preserved. The Plessis Robinson base reportedly was a perfect match for the 2008 Bulgarian rose communelle.
In order to understand Idylle's fresh and aquatic thrust, which many see as going against what Guerlain stands for, it is important to remember -- in terms of Thierry Wasser's own tastes and, I would say, his sense of personal quest -- that the perfumer has said in the past that he thinks it is much harder to achieve lightness and freshness in a scent than the reverse. He thus remarked on Basenotes that making Fresh Addict by Dior took him much longer than to create the original Addict. He also confided in a recent interview given to Osmoz that the perfume he would have most liked to create himself is L'Eau d'Issey. The trait he admires in L'Eau d'Issey is the perfect balance between its warmth and freshness, a dichotomy one can remark in Idylle. Finally, fresh and light is certainly not anti-Guerlain as the Aqua Allegoria line demonstrates. Jean -Paul Guerlain has said in the past that he was personally very much interested in creating freshness in a perfume. One cannot be sure if it is so because of the zeitgeist -- and a perfumer is in many ways a pleaser of crowds -- or because it is like a dialectical challenge for a house that has thrived on opulent compositions from the 1910s to the end of the 1980s (Samsara, 1989). If the signature of Guerlain has been retained as one characteristically orientalist and rich, such an impression bypasses a little too easily such a landmark perfume for the house as the one that made it famous, L'Eau de Cologne Impériale, a sparkling fresh eau de cologne. In fact, one quickly has to realize that Guerlain has been in the business of creating freshness from the start. Contemporaries can agree that L'Eau de Cédrat, L'Eau du Coq, Après L'Ondée, Le Muguet and even Chamade with its blackcurrant bud reveal a tradition of freshness at Guerlain. It is therefore a partial view of the history of the house to see it as only draped in heavy velvets. More like Jicky, with its lavender-and-civet animalic contrast or Shalimar, with its sunny bergamot and balmy leathery vanillic contrast, or Mitsouko with it juicy peach on a bed of deep oakmoss (pre-reformulations), the style of the house thrives on the artful contrast of warm and fresh.
Idylle is according to this criterium alone not unlike a classic Guerlain with its crisp, almost crunchy beginning resembling a rose watercolor tinted with pistachio green soon followed by sueded iris, powdery and tobacco notes.
Because it is a Guerlain in a new context, 2009, it is a rather complex object attempting to weave tradition with l'air du temps, as well as to make room for Thierry Wasser's special touch. In sum, a Guerlain is in essence an institutional perfume, an entity bigger than itself. It cannot just think of itself but has to think about the ones before it, the ones to come; the world, and not just France. Does this Guerlain perfume manage to be more than an interesting sociological object with many threads running through it and is it in fact an object of perfumery art? We will try to decide tomorrow.
Part 2 of the review: Guerlain Idylle: The Creation of Longing and Beauty